Newsroom

  • High school students are invited to enrol in the Ada Long Creative Writing Workshop, a three-week workshop that offers a rare opportunity for high school students to learn from published authors. Every day, students will work closely with nationally acclaimed novelists, essayists, and poets, all of whom have extensive teaching experience. The 2016 workshop will take place on June 6-24, Monday through Friday, 9 a.m.-3 p.m. READ MORE…

  • The Alabama Writers Conclave has announced that nominations are open for the office of Poet Laureate of the State of Alabama. The Alabama Poet Laureate is an uncompensated honorary position created by the Alabama Legislature in 1931. Nominees must be Alabama residents who have published at least one volume of poetry with a commercial, educational, or small press and are prepared to promote poetry throughout the state during a four year term. Nominations must be received by June 1, 2016. READ MORE…

  • The Pulitzer Prize Board announced the recipients of the 2016 Pulitzer Prize at Columbia University on April 18. The announcement marked the 100th anniversary of the award that commemorates outstanding work in journalism and the arts. The award was begun by named for newspaper publisher Joseph Pulitzer. READ MORE...

  • Writers and literary enthusiasts alike will gather for readings, celebrations of literature, and literary trivia during the Slash Pine Writers Festival on Friday, April 29, and Saturday, April 30, in venues around Tuscaloosa including the University of Alabama and Downtown Tuscaloosa. The Slash Pine readings and events are free and open to the public. READ MORE…

  • In the pouring rain, with the threat of severe thunderstorms and the possibility of tornadoes, the state’s literary faithful gathered at the Vanity Fair Golf and Tennis Club in Monroeville on March 31 to celebrate Harper Lee Award recipient E.O. Wilson and Eugene Current-Garcia Award winner Fry Gaillard during the 19th annual Alabama Writers Symposium (AWS). READ MORE…

  • The Alabama Writers Hall of Fame will induct nine authors in its second class this fall. Jeanie Thompson, executive director of The Alabama Writers’ Forum, a co-founder of the Hall of Fame, said the next class will again represent authors from a broad range of Alabama history.

    The 2016 inductees include one born in the 18th century, one born in the late 19th century and seven born in the 20th century. Four of these are living and are invited to the September 29th event in Tuscaloosa. READ MORE…

  • Former U.S. poet laureate Natasha Trethewey, author of several volumes of poetry and a nonfiction meditation on Hurricane Katrina, will receive the Hall-Waters Prize from Troy University in conjunction with the 11th annual Alabama Book Festival on April 23. The Hall-Waters Prize was endowed by late Troy alumnus Dr.Wade Hall, an author, former member of the faculty at the University of Florida, and professor emeritus of English at Bellarmine University in Louisville, Ken. Hall died in September. READ MORE…

  • The Alabama Alliance for Arts Education (AAAE) and the Alabama Arts Advocacy Commission (AAAC) will present Celebrating Alabama ARTS, a festive evening honoring Alabamians who have made a difference in the Arts. The event takes place on Tuesday, April 5, 2016, 6 p.m. at the Capital City Club, 201 Monroe St., Montgomery. Hors d’oeuvres & a cash bar will be available. Tickets are $50 in advance, $75 at the door. READ MORE…

  • To celebrate its twenty-first year of honoring student writers, the 2016 Alabama High School Literary Arts Awards and Scholarship Competition (HSLAA) went through a bit of a metamorphosis. As the Forum moves toward online submission for all award categories, it limited this year’s competition to the Senior Portfolio Scholarship—with seven recipients—and the outstanding student literary magazines. Also new this year was a luncheon to honor the students, their families, teachers, and guests. READ MORE…

  • The University of Alabama College of Communication and Information Sciences, along with the journalism department, has named historian and author Dr. Harvey Jackson III, winner of the 2016 Clarence Cason Award in Nonfiction Writing. Jackson received the award at a luncheon on March 4 at the Hotel Capstone in Tuscaloosa. READ MORE…

  • Marlin “Bart” Barton has been named the first recipient of the Truman Capote Prize for Short Fiction by an Alabama Writer. The prize will be given during the annual The Alabama Writers Symposium in Monroeville at Alabama Southern Community College on March 31-April 1.

    “I've always loved Capote's work, especially his stories,” said Barton, “and I'm of course thrilled by this news.” READ MORE…

  • The author lineup for the 2016 Alabama Book Festival on April 23 in Montgomery’s Old Alabama Town includes a Pulitzer Prize winner, a former NASA aerospace engineer, and popular newspaper columnists. More than fifty authors will be part of the 11th annual event, which takes place at Montgomery’s historic Old Alabama Town and will help celebrate the Year of Alabama Makers. Presenters at the festival include authors who will be familiar to many. Books by festival authors will be available for purchase courtesy of Books-a-Million. READ MORE…

  • The 11th annual Alabama Book Festival will be held in historic downtown Montgomery at Old Alabama Town on Saturday, April 23, 2016, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. The free public event is the state’s premier book festival, with more than 4,000 people from around Alabama and the South converging on the capital city to meet and mingle with forty-five celebrated authors.

    Author readings will be followed by book signings, giving attendees the opportunity to purchase books and get to know their favorite writers. The children’s activity area will feature storytelling, arts and crafts, and fishing for books. READ MORE…

  • I think there's just one kind of folks. Folks.
    --Harper Lee

    Nelle Harper Lee shied from publicity after her first novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, was published to great acclaim in 1960. She avoided the press when her second novel, Go Set a Watchman, was released—amid some controversy—in 2015. She could have answered the questions, cleared the debate. She didn’t. It’s not that Lee was reclusive or snobbish. She was just plain folks. And just plain folks don’t discuss their successes.

    People in her hometown of Monroeville treated her likewise—just plain folk. They’d see her puttering around downtown or eating breakfast in her favorite fast food joint, but that was just neighbor Nelle. No reason to get excited.

    Lee died in her sleep at the Meadows, an assisted living facility, in Monroeville, on the morning of Friday, February 19, 2016. She was 89. READ MORE…

  • Mark your calendars for the 19th Annual The Alabama Writers Symposium in Monroeville, March 31-April 1, 2016. This year’s theme is The Elephant in the Room. Nobody’s talking about it, but everyone knows it’s there. Are you brave enough to bring up the obvious or just Southern enough to try sweeping it under your grandmother’s braided rag rug? Either way, you won’t want to miss E.O. Wilson’s timely observations on the environment, Kirk Curnutt’s eye on Aphrodite, Kim Cross’s emotional stories of loss and survival, and Greg Neri’s whole new look at the childhood friendship of Monroeville’s own writing titans. READ MORE…

  • On Monday, February 15, 2016, students from high schools all over the state converged in Montgomery to compete in the Alabama finals of the Poetry Out Loud National Recitation Competition. Students, parents, and teachers arrived at the Alabama Shakespeare Festival to recite and to hear the poems. These students, already winners in their own regions, gave moving renditions of poetry from well-known poets such as Jimmy Santiago Baca, Mark Doty, Phillis Wheatley, and Matthew Arnold. First place went to Raina Versa, a sophomore at New Century Technology High School in Huntsville. READ MORE…

  • The Alabama Humanities Foundation (AHF) is partnering with the Alabama Press Association (APA) to present Pulitzer Prize-focused programming at APA's Journalism Summit and winter convention in Tuscaloosa on Feb. 19. The partnership and program are part of a $24,000 grant awarded to AHF from the Pulitzer Prize Board to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Pulitzer Prizes.

    "We are blessed in this state to have many Pulitzer Prize winners, and we intend to showcase them and the works that earned them the nation's highest journalistic achievement award," said Alabama Humanities Foundation Executive Director Armand DeKeyser. READ MORE…

  • The Alabama Humanities Foundation (AHF) elected a former Forum board member and Huntsville-based biotechnology executive as its new chair. AHF elected Lynne Berry, vice president of Advancement for HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, as its new chair. Berry served on the board of the Alabama Writers’ Forum in 2009 and 2010. READ MORE…

  • Alabama Poet Laureate and Writers Hall of Fame inductee Andrew Glaze died in his sleep at home in Birmingham on February 7. He was 95.

    Governor Robert Bentley commissioned Glaze as the eleventh Poet Laurette at a ceremony in the Old Supreme Court Archives in the State Capitol in November 2012. He was inducted into the inaugural class of the Alabama Writers Hall of Fame in June 2015. READ MORE...

  • The Alabama State Council on the Arts makes cash awards to individual writers in the literary arts based on merit of work, career achievement, career potential, and service to the state. The Fellowships recognize artistic excellence as well as professional commitment and maturity. It is intended to contribute to the further development of the literary artist and the advancement of his or her professional career. Applicants are encouraged to be as specific as possible about the proposed use of fellowship funds. Applications must be submitted electronically via eGRANT by 4:45 p.m. March 1, 2016. READ MORE…

  • The 2016 Mid-Winter Writers Conference will meet on February 27, 8:30 a.m.-5:30 p.m. at Seddon Baptist Church in Pell City. Early registration is $60, $25 for students.

    This year’s conference will include two keynotes, a panel discussion, highly qualified presenters, and eighteen workshops to choose from Regardless of your genre, there’s bound to be something there for you. READ MORE…

  • South Arts seeks grant panelists

    South Arts is searching for leaders in the presenting field from its nine-state region to serve as panelists for grant programs. In partnership with the National Endowment for the Arts, South Arts supports multiple funding programs through the South Arts Fund. Touring grants support performing arts and literary arts presenting organizations for engagements by guest touring artists from outside of the presenter's state. Eligible projects (theater, music, opera, musical theater, dance and literature) include publicly accessible performances or readings and educational activities that provide opportunities for diverse audiences to participate in the arts.

    Submitted panelist nominations are held for consideration for two years. Regional Touring Grants Panelists should submit nominations by March 15, and Literary Arts Grants Panelists should submit nominations by June 15. To submit a nomination, please complete the online form. Please contact Nikki Estes at (404) 874-7244 ext 16 with questions or for details.

  • On Saturday, January 30, 8:30am – 3:30 pm at Wallace Community College in the Hank Sanders Technology Building in Selma, Alabama, the Black Belt Community Foundation (BBCF) with the support of the Alabama State Council on the Arts (ASCA) will present the Stronger Festivals in Alabama’s Black Belt Workshop to aid community festival planners across the Alabama Black Belt region. READ MORE…

  • The Alabama State Council on the Arts (ASCA) awarded grants totaling $368,938 at its December meeting. The Council makes grants to non-profit organizations, schools, universities, cities, and a wide range of community groups. ASCA funds are matched by contributions from businesses, individuals, local government, and earned income by the grantee. Arts programs assisted by Council grants have a track record of enhancing community development, education, cultural tourism, and overall quality of life in virtually all regions of the state. The next deadline for the submission of grant applications is March 1, 2016 for Individual Fellowships and Art and Cultural Facilities, covering activities taking place between October 1, 2016 and September 30, 2017.

    Literary grants were awarded to WORD UP!/Birmingham Public Library Foundation, Bard & Brews/ Birmingham Public Library Foundation, and the 19th Annual Alabama Writers Symposium.

    Among the reappointments to the Council is Forum Board member Julie Friedman. READ MORE…

  • The Alabama School of Fine Arts (ASFA) Young Writers’ Literary Awards is open to all Alabama students in grades 6 – 8. Categories include poetry, short fiction, and creative nonfiction. First Place: $100; Second Place: $75; Third Place: $50. Deadline: February 28, 2016.

    ASFA’s Aspiring Minds Poetry Contests are designed to spotlight talented high school poets in specific areas of the state. Region 1: Lauderdale, Colbert, and Lawrence; Region 2: Birmingham City Schools; Region 3: Hale, Perry, Greene, Tuscaloosa, Bibb, and Marengo.

    Students: Do you love stories—writing them, watching them, dreaming them up? Have you written poems you’ve never shown anyone? Does the thought of reading a new book excite you more than just about anything else? Then these half-day camp are for you. Pick either the morning or afternoon session; these camps are perfect for mixing and matching with ASFA’s other half-day camps this week! In either session, ASFA’s award-winning Creative Writing faculty will introduce rising 6 – 12th grade students to the fundamentals of poetry and prose, offer generative prompts and provide constructive feedback. Other sessions include spoken word/slam poetry and filmmaking. Tuition includes a writing journal, an anthology of work created during the week, and a daily snack. COMPLETE GUIDELINES…

  • Noted biologist and two-time Pulitzer Prize winner Edward O. Wilson has been selected to receive the Harper Lee Award for Alabama’s Distinguished Writer of the Year for 2016. The award is made to a living, nationally recognized Alabama writer who has made a significant, lifelong contribution to Alabama letters. Wilson will receive the honor during the Awards Dinner at the The Alabama Writers Symposium in Monroeville, Alabama, on March 31, 2016. READ MORE…

  • The Forum is making a change to this year’s Alabama High School Literary Arts Awards and Scholarship Competition as we move toward online submission for all categories. Since we need a year to complete this process, we are downsizing to two submission categories for 2016, still offering the Senior Portfolio awards—with 7 this year—and the literary magazines competition. As a result, we will extend the deadline to January 31, 2016. READ MORE…

  • Birmingham Public Library celebrates Alabama’s Poet Laureate Andrew Glaze

    The Birmingham Public Library (BPL) presents an exhibit of photographs and memorabilia of Andrew Glaze, Alabama’s Poet Laureate. The exhibit opens on November 6 and runs through December 31 at the Central Library located at 2100 Park Place.

    Further celebrating Glaze’s newest published collection of poetry, local poets will honor Glaze in two readings in November: BPL’s Bards & Brews Open Mic on November 6, 2015, at the Central Library (honorary readings during half-time) and The Nitty Gritty Magic City poetry group on November 8, 2015, at The Desert Island Supply Company. READ MORE…

  • Addressing the Writing Our Stories audience, DYS Executive Director Steven Lafrenier said, “Having arts programs in the schools is important. These programs give students a chance to take a break from academics to discover what they have inside that they may not have known that they had before. It’s important that we're here today. It’s important to celebrate these young writers. ” READ MORE…

  • “How do we pull this thing off called ‘life’?” asked Christopher Thomas, a self-described entrepreneur, addressing the assembled students, guests, faculty, and staff in the Chapel on the Department of Youth Services Mt. Meigs Campus for the eighteenth annual Writing Our Stories (WOS) anthology release on October 22. “Successful people read.”

  • Writer, educator, and literary philanthropist Wade Hall died on September 26. He was 81. A native of Union Springs, Alabama, Hall moved to Louisville, Kentucky, in 1962 after serving a two-year stint in the U.S. Army in the mid-fifties. In Louisville, he taught English and chaired the English and Humanities/Arts programs at Kentucky Southern College and Bellarmine University. He has also taught at the University of Illinois and the University of Florida. He holds degrees from Troy State University (BS), the University of Alabama (MA), and the University of Illinois (PhD). In 2006, he retired to Union Springs with his longtime partner, Gregg Swem. Hall is the author of books, monographs, articles, plays, and reviews relating to Kentucky, Alabama, and Southern history and literature. His most recent books include A Visit with Harlan Hubbard; High Upon a Hill: A History of Bellarmine College; A Song in Native Pastures: Randy Atcher’s Life in Country Music; and Waters of Life from Conecuh Ridge. Other writings include hundreds of articles, poems, essays and reviews published in historical and scholarly journals as well as popular magazines and newspapers.

    "Dr. Wade Hall made his commitment to the appreciation of Southern literature visible by endowing the Hall-Waters Prize, named after his parents, at Troy University,” said Kirk Curnutt, Forum Board member and chair of the English Department at Troy, Montgomery. “Every time it was my honor to organize the event honoring the recipient, I looked forward to working with Dr. Hall. His enthusiasm for great writing, readily apparent in his own work, was infectious. I'll miss him deeply."

    Hall was featured in the Fall 2007 issue of First Draft.

    (photo by Jamie Martin)

    READ MORE….

  • Alabama poet Ashley M. Jones will receive a 2015 Rona Jaffe Foundation Writers’ Award, given annually to six women writers who demonstrate excellence and promise in the early stages of their careers. Celebrating its 21st year, the Rona Jaffe Awards have helped many women build successful writing careers by offering encouragement and financial support at a critical time. The Awards are $30,000 each and will be presented to the six recipients on September 17, 2015, in New York City. READ MORE…

  • This past spring marked the fifth year for the Shelby County Arts Council’s Writing Our Stories (WOS) program. Presented in partnership with Alabama Writer’s Forum, the 10-week program reached 150 students from Montevallo Middle School and Columbiana Middle School. The students enjoyed creative writing instruction from published authors.

    The Alabama Power Foundation awarded the Shelby County Arts Council an Elevate grant to help support Writing Our Stories in the Shelby County schools and to produce a short film about the program. READ MORE & VIEW THE FILM…

  • Jake Reiss called and asked if I would design a special dust jacket for Harper Lee’s new book, Go Set a Watchman,” said the artist Nall inside Alabama Booksmith in Birmingham. “‘Well, what’s it about?’ ‘No one knows, he said.’ Having been born in Pike County and traveling the world and seeing how other people see Alabama I knew what it was about. Living here was my source of inspiration.” READ MORE…

  • People of all ages mingled, nibbled on heavy hors d’oeuvres, and listened to the blues of Gip Gipson inside Iron City on Birmingham’s Southside on July 14 for The Next Chapter, a celebration for the release of Harper Lee’s “new” novel, Go Set a Watchman. Books a Million and the Alabama Media Group, cosponsors of the event, received 400 reservations prior to the event and accepted non-ticketed walk-ups as they arrived.

    “This is the biggest literary event in Alabama in a very long time,” said David Magee, director of news for the Alabama Media Group. “Book sales have been extremely dense.” READ MORE…

  • At a gala dinner recognizing twelve renowned authors, some 280 people celebrated the induction of the inaugural class of the Alabama Writers Hall of Fame. The event was held on June 8 at the Bryant Conference Center in Tuscaloosa. Prior to the induction ceremony, attendees mingled in the reception area and had a meet and greet with the inductees, their families, and friends. READ MORE…

  • Join us at the beginning of an era!

    Tickets are now on sale for the Inaugural Alabama Writers Hall of Fame event on June 8, 2015, at the Bryant Conference Center in Tuscaloosa. The celebration includes a reception and gala dinner, with presentation of the twelve inductees. Individual tickets are $125; sponsored tables are $1,500 (seats 10). Anyone interested in sponsoring an inductee’s table should contact Jeanie Thompson at 334-354-0881.

    If you would like to receive a printed invitation package with reply card, please e-mail jeaniethompson@bellsouth.net. Or phone 205-348-5543 for further information or to order tickets by phone using a credit card.

    For more information about the Alabama Writers Hall of Fame, including a list of inductees, visit the Hall of Fame online.

  • Troy University will award its Hall-Waters Prize to renowned author Pat Conroy at a private ceremony during the Alabama Book Festival in Montgomery on April 11. One of the most popular Southern writers in the past forty years, Conroy's work includes the bestselling novels The Great Santini and The Prince of Tides, published in 1986 and adapted to the screen for the 1991 Academy Award-nominated film by the same title. Conroy is a featured author at the Festival. READ MORE…

  • The Alabama Writers Symposium celebrates its 18th anniversary in Monroeville, Alabama, Thursday, April 23—Saturday, April 25, 2015. Exploring the theme Red Dirt Roads & Feet of Clay, the 2015 Alabama Writers Symposium program looks below the surface to see if things really are what they seem. Some of Alabama’s most celebrated writers and scholars—including Rich Bragg, Chantel Acevedo, and Ravi Howard—will lead discussion sessions, readings, and workshops. Participants should register for the event by April 3. READ MORE…

  • On April 10, 2015, the day before the 10th annual Alabama Book Festival, Alabama teachers in grades 7-12 from public, private, and home schools are invited to join three festival authors, Harry Moore, Marlin Barton, and Reed Farrel Coleman, at Troy University, Montgomery Campus for an exciting day of writing workshops free of charge. Two and four-year college teachers—both full and part-time—may register as space is available. These workshops are designed to introduce teachers to new strategies for integrating creative writing into language arts and English curricula. Teachers will write in both workshop sessions, share what they have written, and meet other Alabama educators. READ MORE…

  • More than thity-five authors fill the lineup of the 10th Annual Alabama Book Festival on April 11 in Montgomery’s historic Old Alabama Town. Among them will be bestselling author Pat Conroy, festival organizers announced today. In addition to presenting at the festival, Conroy will accept the Hall-Waters Prize from Troy University. The award is given to individuals who have made significant contributions to Southern heritage and culture in history, literature or the arts. READ MORE…

  • On Monday, February 16, 2015, students from high schools all over the state converged on Montgomery to compete in the Alabama finals of the Poetry Out Loud National Recitation Competition . Students, teachers, and parents arrived at the Alabama Shakespeare Festival to recite and hear poetry. These students, already winners in their own regions, gave moving renditions of poetry from well-known poets such as Langston Hughes, C.S. Lewis, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and Jean Valentine. The students also performed their original poems about truth and friendship, personal identity, and tragic life experiences. It was a day filled with laughter, thoughtfulness, and tears, proving to all that Alabama students have the power to speak with voices very much worth hearing. First place went to Nicole Louw, a senior at Holy Spirit Catholic High School in Tuscaloosa and a student of Jonathan Loper. Elizabeth Balch-Crystal of Auburn High School won the original poetry category, sponsored by the Forum. READ MORE…

  • The University of Alabama’s College of Communication and Information Sciences, along with the journalism department, has named best-selling author Warren St. John winner of the 2015 Clarence Cason Award in Nonfiction Writing. St. John, a native of Birmingham, and a graduate of Columbia University, wrote the national bestsellers Rammer Jammer Yellow Hammer: A Journey into the Heart of Fan Mania and Outcasts United: An American Town, a Refugee Team and One Woman’s Quest to Make a Difference. READ MORE…

  • Hank Lazer of Tuscaloosa has been selected to receive the Harper Lee Award for Alabama’s Distinguished Writer of the Year for 2015. The award is made to a living, nationally recognized Alabama writer who has made a significant, lifelong contribution to Alabama letters.

    “When I received the phone call telling me that I had been named the recipient of the 2015 Harper Lee Award, I was stunned, shocked, and very pleased,” said Lazer. READ MORE…

  • Alabama Humanities Foundation (AHF) has elected its new chair and three new members to its board of directors. Nancy Sanford, executive director of the Florence-Lauderdale Public Library, is chair of the board. New members include Edgar Welden, chairman of Alabama Sports Hall of Fame; Ann Florie, executive director of Leadership Birmingham; and Sally Greenhaw, retired Montgomery County circuit judge.

    “I am proud to be serving as chair of AHF,” said Sanford. “I have been working with the organization for a number of years—on the board and through its programs that benefit the library and so many other organizations throughout the state with which I am involved. This is truly an honor for me.” READ MORE…

  • The Alabama State Council on the Arts (ASCA) reminds writers that the deadline for Literary Arts Fellowships is rapidly approaching. Applications must be submitted electronically via eGRANT by 4:45 p.m. on March 2, 2015. ASCA makes cash awards to individual writers in the literary arts based on merit of work, career achievement, career potential, and service to the state. READ MORE…

  • Alabama readers and writers have expressed surprise and delight over HarperCollins’ announcement that it will release Harper Lee’s novel Go Set a Watchman, a sequel of sorts to her Pulitzer Prize-winning and only novel To Kill a Mockingbird. The book will be released on July 14 and already tops Amazon’s best-seller list.

    “I think the discovery of Harper Lee's new novel is incredible, wonderful, magnificent,” said eminent historian Wayne Flynt.... To have such an event constitutes a minor literary earthquake." READ MORE…

  • Alabama’s largest literary event will celebrate its 10th anniversary on April 11, 2015. The Alabama Book Festival will host more than thirty-five authors and exhibitors in Montgomery’s historic Old Alabama Town. The family-friendly, free event includes book-related activities for children and adults. Among the exhibitors will be publishers, authors, schools, and literary and arts organizations. In keeping with the Alabama Tourism Department’s designation of 2015 as the Year of Alabama Barbecue, some books and vendors will be barbecue-related. READ MORE…

  • Albert B. “Al” Head celebrates thirty years as executive director of the Alabama State Council on the Arts (ASCA) on February 4, 2015. Long hailed as a visionary arts leader, he is responsible for groundbreaking initiatives that have made ASCA one of the foremost state arts councils in the U.S. His leadership has provided funding growth, long-range planning, support for individual artists, and innovative services to its constituents in all arts disciplines. READ MORE…

  • Two statewide literary arts entities that announced a joint initiative to launch the state’s first comprehensive Alabama Writers Hall of Fame in June 2014 have announced the first class of inductees. The twelve Alabama authors will be inducted during a gala dinner at the Bryant Conference Center in Tuscaloosa on June 8, 2015. Tickets will go on sale in January. READ MORE…